December 23, 2019

Examinations are often an evaluation of a students’ power of retention of memory, ability to relate matters and presentation skills. How can a student maximize these skills? Let me, for this purpose, observe the features of questions and what procedures should be adopted to enhance these skills.

Examination Questions can generally be categorized under four types.
· Memory-based Questions.
· Relativity-based Questions.
· Analytical Questions
· Problem Solving Questions.

Memory-based Questions
Memory-based questions are the type of questions that demand the students to retrieve or recall the words or their structures they have already been taught and replay or deliver them without any change or with a very slight difference. The basis of such questions and answers is testing one’s memory power (power of retention). Definitions and quotations should be cast out again without any modification, exactly as how they were initially presented to the students. In subjects like history, commerce, economics and literature, students have to deliver what they have committed to their memory. Such memory-based learning has been the complete approach of learning at the elementary level and was a significant learning process at the higher levels too.

Relativity -based Questions
Relativity-based questions demand the students find the relations of a given topic to another subject or topic. Multiple Choice Questions are examples of Relativity-based questions. Clearly understanding the issue involved in such questions can help the students to quickly identify the subject related to it without getting confused or distracted by the wording of the questions. On most occasions, the subject or matter related to such questions has never been more than one.

The following questions and the answers given as options will clearly illustrate this type of question.
A hungry man needs…

  1. Spices 2. Salt 3. Food 4. Soap

In this question, the word ‘hungry’ is related only to ‘food.’ And therefore, distractors are ignored.

Analytical Questions
Analytical Questions call for a student’s, combined expression of analytical skill, conviction on the results of the analysis, and presentation skills. Students should be familiar or conversant with the subjects under study or review. When submitting the findings or conclusion at the end of the study, the methodology used for that study should also be shown in a well-organized manner. Research papers, recording comments and articles on comparative studies fall under the category of Analytical Questions.

Problem Solving Questions
The problem-solving questions put to students demand their problem-solving skills and speed. These questions are often laden with conditions or asked to solve a specific problem under a particular circumstance. Questions in mathematics, physics, chemistry and accounting are some of
the examples for problem-solving questions. Repeated practice of information gathered for a specific question will help to solve the same type of question or slightly different question quickly. The repeated practice is the key to handle these questions effectively within the time given.



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